:: Abdominoplasty (Tummy Tuck)
Flatten abdomen by removing excess fat and skin and tightening muscles of abdominal wall.
2 to 5 hours.
General, or local with sedation.
Either, depending on individual circumstances and extent of surgery.
Temporary pain. Swelling, soreness, numbness of abdominal skin, bruising, tiredness for several weeks or months.
Blood clots. Infection. Bleeding under the skin flap. Poor healing resulting in conspicuous scarring or skin loss. Need for a second operation.
Back to work : 2 to 4 weeks. More strenuous activity : 4 to 6 weeks or more. Fading and flattening of scars : 3 months to 2 years.
:: Breast Enlargement (Augmentation Mammaplasty)
Enhance the size of breasts using inflatable implants filled with saline.
1 to 2 hours.
Local with sedation, or general.
Temporary soreness, swelling, change in nipple sensation, bruising. Breast sensitive to stimulation for a few weeks.
Lack of implant permanence -- surgical removal or replacement of the implants may be required to treat problems, including: deflation; the formation of scar tissue around the implant (capsular contracture), which may cause the breast to feel tight or hard; bleeding or infection.Increase or decrease in sensitivity of nipples or breast skin, occasionally permanent. Mammagraphy requires a special technique.
(Note: Some women have reported symptoms similar to those of immune disorders. Ask your doctor about these and other FDA concerns.)
Back to work : a few days. Physical contact with breasts : 3 to 4 weeks. Fading of scars : several months to a year or more.
Variable. Implants may require removal or replacement.
:: Breast Lift (Mastopexy)
Raise and reshape sagging breasts by removing excess skin and repositioning remaining tissue and nipples.
1 to 3 hours.
Usually outpatient. Sometimes inpatient.
Temporary bruising, swelling, discomfort, numbness, dry breast skin. Permanent scars.
Thick, wide scars; skin loss; infection. Unevenly positioned nipples. Permanent loss of feeling in nipples or breast.
Back to work: 1 week or more. Strenuous activities : 1 month. Fading of scars: several months to a year.
Variable; gravity, pregnancy, aging, and weight changes may cause new sagging. Results may last longer or be enhanced when breast implants are inserted as part of the procedure.
Mechanical scraping of the top layers of skin using a high-speed rotary wheel. Softens sharp edges of surface irregularities, including acne and other scars and fine wrinkles, especially around the mouth.
A few minutes to 1 hour. May require more than 1 session.
Local, numbing spray, or general.
Temporary tingling, burning, itching, swelling, redness. Lightening of treated skin. Acute sensitivity to sun; loss of ability to make pigment (tan).
Abnormal colour changes (permanent). Tiny whiteheads (temporary); infection; scarring; flare-up of skin allergies, fever blisters, cold sores.
Back to work: 2 weeks. More strenuous activities : 4 to 6 weeks. Fading of redness: about 3 months. Return of pigmentation/sun exposure: 6 to 12 months.
Permanent, although new wrinkles may form as skin ages.
Overview, The Differences, Make the right Choice and Keep in mind
Tummy tuck, Breast Enlargement,Breast Lift, Dermabrasion
Hair Replacement, Laser Facial Resurfacing, Liposuction, Nose Surgery
Ear Surgery, Eyelid Surgery, Facelift, Facial Implants, Forehead Lift
Sex Reassignment & goals of sex reassignment surgery
Lists of Hospitals and Clinics